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Acne scarring is the result of inflamed lesions and blemishes. When body tissues get damaged, white blood cells and other infection-fighting molecules go to the site of injury and try to fight it. However, when they fight off the infection, the tissue does not always bounce back to normal. Instead, scars are most often left behind.
Scars are a part of the body’s natural healing process. The most common cause of acne scarring is squeezing, poking, and popping pimples. If a pimple is left alone, it is more likely to go away completely. If a pimple is squeezed and poked, it can stick around forever.
There are a few other factors that can diminish the chance of acne scars to appear. Eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and drinking an adequate amount of water can help with acne scarring because a healthy body heals faster than an unhealthy one. Wearing SPF 30 sunscreen can also help because the sun can darken acne, causing it to heal slower. Clients should limit their time in the sun, especially from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.
There is also a genetic link between acne scarring. The genes that clients inherit can make them more susceptible to severe acne, acne scarring, differently types of acne scars, and just scarring in general.
Acne scars are commonly categorized into three groups: Atrophic: shallow scars; Box-car shape: scars that tend to be larger; Ice-pick shaped: scars that are deep and narrow.